This is a code of best practices in fair use devised specifically by and for the academic and research library community. It enhances the ability of librarians to rely on fair use by documenting the considered views of the library community about best practices in fair use, drawn from the actual practices and experience of the library community itself.
This code was developed by the Association of Research Libraries (ACR), Center for Social Media (CSM), School of Communication, American University and Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP), Washington College of Law, American University and released in January 2012. (arl.org/fairuse,
centerforsocialmedia.org/libraries , pijip.wcl.edu/libraries)
This code of best practices identifies eight sets of common current practices in the use of copyrighted materials in and around academic and research libraries, to which the doctrine of fair use can be applied.
- SUPPORTING TEACHING AND LEARNING WITH ACCESS TO LIBRARY MATERIALS VIA DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES.
- USING SELECTIONS FROM COLLECTION MATERIALS TO PUBLICIZE A LIBRARY’S ACTIVITIES, OR TO CREATE PHYSICAL AND VIRTUAL EXHIBITIONS.
- DIGITIZING TO PRESERVE AT-RISK ITEMS
- CREATING DIGITAL COLLECTIONS OF ARCHIVAL AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS MATERIALS.
- REPRODUCING MATERIAL FOR USE BY DISABLED STUDENTS, FACULTY, STAFF, AND OTHER APPROPRIATE USERS.
- MAINTAINING THE INTEGRITY OF WORKS DEPOSITED IN INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES.
- CREATING DATABASES TO FACILITATE NON CONSUMPTIVE RESEARCH USES (INCLUDING SEARCH).
- COLLECTING MATERIAL POSTED ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB AND MAKING IT AVAILABLE.